Different Spokes for Different Folks

Raleigh ran an advertising campaign in Southern Rhodesia the 1940’s and 1950’s with unexpected consequences

Different Spokes for Different Folks

Charles Rudd trekked 600 miles by mule transport to obtain the concession Rhodes wanted from the Matabele chief,  Lobengula, to occupy  what would become known as Southern Rhodesia.  The journey took 35 days of hard travel.  The pioneer column soon followed  with 62 wagons and 200 volunteers which trekked from Macloutsie, Bechuanaland into Mashonaland in 1890.  The track cut  up from Tuli was the only  ‘road’.  Remarkably, in the space of just a dozen years, despite two rebellions, Rhodes’ private British South Africa Company  railways connected Southern Rhodesia with the east and south coasts with over a thousand miles of steel tracks.  Settlements sprang up along the way.

Different Spokes for Different Folks

Getting around and about these ‘towns’ was another matter.   Roads were slow to open up.   Mule drawn American coaches were imported but the mules and horses were  prey to hyenas and wild dogs.  They were susceptible to nagana from the tetse fly in the Lowveld, and  tick born East Coast fever was everywhere.  Viral born rinderpest plagues wrecked havoc with imported  oxen.  Camels were introduced, but failed.

The first car, a 1902 French 6 ½ h.p. “Gladiator” was introduced into Southern Rhodesia by Major Charles Duly who had a cycle agency in Bulawayo.  By 1908 there were 11 motorcycles and 6 motor cars licensed in Salisbury, the capital.    It took  6 ½ days to travel the  300 miles from Bulawayo to Salisbury.  Before 1920 the only ‘roads’ were mere tracks between major centers for dry weather use.  During the rains small streams became torrents, the dust of winter turned into the mud of summer.  The  drifts through rivers became “feet deep floods where one could be stranded. There were no bridges.  The tracks took the line of least resistance, circumventing swamps, rather than go through them, rounding ant-hills and big trees”.  Huge dongas had to be negotiated.

Around town a commercial rickshaw service was the first type of public transport operated in Salisbury in 1904 by Mr. Craster.  Self reliance on a bicycle found its place.  Before the founding of St. Stephens Church’s wood and iron structure, in Que Que, in 1904, Rev. R.  Truscott travelled the 40 miles from Gwelo on his bicycle to conduct a service now and again.  The bike was heavy, without a free-wheel, sporting hard, rubber tyres.  The criss-cross of well troden Native paths between rural villages provided  the way for the missionaries who were solely responsible for early African education.

My parents made the arduous journey from Johannesburg to Que Que with all their worldly belongings in a South African camouflage-green army Ford, proudly negotiated as part of my father’s demobilization package in 1946.  It was quite a landmark as he did his house calls (a source of local amusement).  It was many years before he parted reluctantly with it.  There was no question of getting a second car for my mother.   She loved her bicycle which afforded her a great deal of independence. With  white gloves, high heel shoes and dress hat  loaded in the front basket she cycled in her sensible shoes to make her formal entry at mayoral functions (another source of amusement for the locals).

A car was far beyond the reaches of the African, but Sam Rick stocked all leading English makes of cycles at Globe Cycle Works.  Alick Stuart claimed to be the cycle specialists for Hercules, BSA, Rudge-Whiteworth, Norman and Raleigh.   Like Bata Shoes, Raleigh Bicycles saw in the African a huge potential market.  By the 1940’s Raleigh set about a big advertising campaign to boost sales.  A man on a bicycle could outrun that icon the king of the beasts, venerated since the Stone Age by so many cultures.

But Raleigh failed to take into account a different mindset.  The ad was perceived as the lion, bound for the kill, in hot pursuit and soon to overtake the bicycle.  Sales plummeted.

Unlike the US where every year 480,000 yellow school buses transport 26 million children to and from school and after school activities, rural children in Africa often still walk miles and miles  to school.  In 2004 nineteen companies partnered with Wildlands Conservation Trust to assemble and handover  yellow framed Qhubeka bikes to rural children so they can arrive at school on time, ready to learn, if they have planted 100 trees or collected over 1500 kg of recycling.  Over 100,000 bikes have reduced school commute time by as much as 75%.  See more on:

Party For Qhubeka

This is a fine  example of Brandscaping, Unleashing the Power of Partnerships, the topic of my son, Andrew Davis’ book which will be released this Monday, August 26.  





  • Chris Duckworth

    Reply Reply August 25, 2012

    The Crasters – 91 Baines Avenue, Salisbury… Stayed in a tent in the back garden in January 1948 when I travelled up to Salisbury by train with my Rudge-Withworth in the Guard’s Van to watch the Nuffield Tournament…
    And there’s more!…

    • Diana

      Reply Reply August 25, 2012

      Chris, you can’t leave us in suspense. Tell us the story! Diana

  • Chris Duckworth

    Reply Reply August 26, 2012

    Baines Avenue was an avenue of jacarandas, 91, a corner house, and a lovely rambling Rhodesian home owned by the Craster sisters, both married and both resident, one, whose name I forget, to a Hollander, the other, Joyce, to Noel Strathan… Noel a great fried of my father’s in the mid 1920 Days of the Globe and Phoenix, when, as single men, they lived in the Mine Mess and both rode motorcycles, my Dad a Royal Enfield G 51 C – Uncle Noel’s (not really an uncle but always addressed as such), a B.S.A.
    The entrance to 91 was from the avenue, the exit in the street adjoining, and at the back of the acre stand, the vegetable patch next to which my tent for the week was erected, and the garage which housed Uncle Noel’s Willys Jeep with a steering wheel gear change…
    Have to leave for lunch now… Will continue when I return…

  • Chris Duckworth

    Reply Reply August 27, 2012

    And in those days if you looked at the word imprinted on the covers of Salisbury’s water metres, you would have seen the name “CRASTER”…
    And as for Congregational Minister the Rev. R. Truscott – J. Reginald Truscott…
    Ordained in England in 1900 and “set apart to service in Gwelo, Rhodesia”, n the October of that year, he greeted a group of seven children who had reported for school at his iron and wood constructed Trinity Church… Lessons, assisted by Miss Kate Coates-Palgrave, and Miss Gertie Reed, given in the church, the vestry and a room in the Manse – His Trinity Church School later to blossom into the famed Chaplin School…
    On the 23rd of May 1902 he took the children to see the first train that puffed into Gwelo… And on another occasion watched Major Duly drive the first car into the town…

    • Diana

      Reply Reply August 28, 2012

      Chris great details on the history of Gwelo’s first Congregational Minister and Chaplin. Thanks for sharing

  • Chris Duckworth

    Reply Reply September 1, 2012

    A pleasure Miss Hirsch – A pleasure…

  • Melissa Rick

    Reply Reply May 10, 2015

    Hi Diana,
    I would love to get in touch with you. My cousin sent me links to your blog and I noticed you have mentioned Sam Rick a few times. I believe this is my grandfather. I was born in Johannesburg but moved to the US in 1978 (when I was almost eight years old). My father was born in Que Que (Myer Rick, Sam’s son) and I’m coming back to South Africa, Botswana and Zimbabwe this summer, my first trip back since 1991. I have never been to Botswana or Zimbabwe and would love to connect with you regarding some information about my grandparents.
    Melissa Rick

    • Diana

      Reply Reply May 13, 2015

      Yes, Que Que was quite a town with a close knit Jewish community. Sam owned a furniture store on Main Street but died quite young. Sally moved to Johannesburg and she andmy mother became good friends there.

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